Orchestrated transcription of key pathways in Arabidopsis by the circadian clock

Harmer, Hogenesch, Straume, Chang, Han, Zhu, Wang, Kreps, and Kay 2000, Science


Like most organisms, plants have endogenous biological clocks that coordinate internal events with the external environment. We used high-density oligonucleotide microarrays to examine gene expression in Arabidopsis and found that 6% of the more than 8000 genes on the array exhibited circadian changes in steady-state messenger RNA levels. Clusters of circadian-regulated genes were found in pathways involved in plant responses to light and other key metabolic pathways. Computational analysis of cycling genes allowed the identification of a highly conserved promoter motif that we found to be required for circadian control of gene expression. Our study presents a comprehensive view of the temporal compartmentalization of physiological pathways by the circadian clock in a eukaryote.

Stacey L. Harmer1, John B. Hogenesch2, Marty Straume3, Hur-Song Chang4, Bin Han4, Tong Zhu4, Xun Wang4, Joel A. Kreps4, Steve A. Kay1,2,*